The 500 was powered by a 9.5 horsepower Kohler four stroke engine with reversing transmission, and electric start on the Model E. Early models had stamped steel sides on the power platform, handlebar steering and a wrap around windshield. Later models used a more open slat and tube supported platform, steered with a wheel, and had a flat windshield. Wheel /ski kits were available and a bogie wheel suspension replaced the standard skid frame on the Model A. Weight was under 700 pounds and they sold for about $1300. The Polar 200 was a smaller version with a seven horsepower Kohler and the side-by-side seating of its predecessor. Reverse transmission, lights and brakes were options. Constantly changing and improving, the red rear-engined Polars were shaping the future Arctic Cat models. At least one Polar 500 offered the 16 horsepower Onan engine that was later used by Arctic Cat. It was nearly impossible to distinguish a late model Polar from an early Arctic Cat without a serial tag or decals. Most Polar serial tags were located under the steering linkage and began with 62. An exception, a brown 500, had a XXI (experimental) tag in the typical location. A 63-2 Polar tag was on the seat riser, the common placement for later Arctic models. Polar Manufacturing Company became Arctic Enterprises in the spring of 1962. The first American made front engine snowmobile was also the first Arctic Cat, the Model 100. Arctic contracted with Eugene Roy Limitee, of Quebec, to make three models of the Roy Skimobil for the Canadian market. Of the 100 total machines produced in 1962, approximately 40 carried the Polar name. By: Steve Pierce
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